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  • 當前位置:首頁 > 教學反思 > 科學歷史反思 > 小學信息技術課程的特點分析及教學建議

    小學信息技術課程的特點分析及教學建議

    時間:2019-06-19 11:01來源:http://www.16mnyg.com點擊:

    摘 要:小學信息技術課程體現了基礎性、應用性、整合性、趣味性的特點。針對基礎性,所選內容應該是信息技術領域中具有一定穩定性的基礎知識;針對應用性,要注重學生解決問題能力的培養;針對整合性,要盡可能地融合其他學科內容;針對趣味性,要關注小學生特定的心理特征。
    一、小學信息技術課程的特點分析   小學信息技術課程的特點是由信息技術學科的性質和小學生的年齡特征共同決定的。它既不同于以往的小學計算機課,又不同于小學語文、數學等傳統課程。它重在對小學生進行初步的信息意識、信息素養和信息技能的培養,集知識性和技能性于一體,體現出如下幾個特點。
       (一)基礎性
       小學開設信息技術課,主要是著眼于基礎教育在培養人才方面的重要作用。在信息時代,信息技術已經和讀、寫、算等基本能力一樣,成為現代社會每個公民必須具有的基本素質和基本能力。
       現實表明,以計算機和網絡為核心的信息技術的發展速度是當今任何其他一門學科都未曾有過的,計算機硬件技術的高速發展帶來的是軟件的不斷更新換代。這樣,信息技術學科將在很長一段時間里處于高速度與高淘汰并存的發展狀態。那么,如何在小學階段為學生打好基礎,使小學生在有限的在校學習期間學到的信息技術知識和技能,盡可能地對其長遠發展起作用,而不至于隨著信息技術的發展而很快過時,是小學信息技術課面臨的突出問題。
       認知心理學認為,越是基礎的東西越具有普遍性和可遷移性。因此,我們應該從培養學生的信息素質角度出發.選取信息技術學科中的基礎知識和基本技能作為小學信息技術課的教學內容。
       (二)應用性
       小學信息技術課程是一門應用性學科課程,培養學生應用信息技術解決實際問題的能力是課程的核心目標。在過去的計算機教育中,曾一度把計算機本身作為學習對象,使學生為學計算機而學計算機。聯合國開發署首席技術顧問Allen博士在1995年調查了我國計算機教育現狀后說,要求學生掌握計算機的構造和程序設計語言并不重要,重要的是學會如何去應用它。在小學信息技術教育中,要特別重視信息活用能力的培養,即應用信息技術方法解決問題的能力的培養。學生不需要死記硬背一些信息技術方面的術語和概念,不需要面對一張張枯燥的試卷,他們要接受的是真正的生活對他們的考試,是身處信息社會中是否具有生存能力的挑戰,他們需要學的是如何對大干世界中浩如煙海的信息進行檢索、篩選、鑒別、使用、表達和創新以及如何用所學的信息技術知識來解決學習和生活中的各種問題。應用性是小學信息技術課程的顯著特征。
      (三)整合性
       小學信息技術課程與小學其他學科課程相比較,具有較強的整合性。整合性的根本在于它的學科交叉性和它支持知識聯系的整體性。它涉及眾多的邊緣和基礎科學,比如信息論、控制論、美學、文學、外語、數學、物理、電子學等等。但有些地方的“信息技術課”只注重講信息技術“學科”的內容,忽視在信息技術教學中有意滲透和融合其他學科的內容以及在培養 學生信息能力的同時,培養其他學科素養。這種認識嚴重束縛了眾多信息技術教育工作者的思路。
       實施素質教育,提高教學質量,減輕學生課業負擔的出路之一是“淡化”學科界線,開設整合性課程。信息技術課程具有這種得天獨厚的優勢,信息技術作為認知工具的本質使它的教學內容不能脫離其他學科內容而獨立存在,只有在利用信息技術工具學習其他學科內容的過程中才能學會使用信息技術。
       (四)趣味性
       小學信息技術課程是一門趣味性很強的學科。這一特點是與小學生的心智發展水平密切相關的。小學生進行學習的主要動機來源于他們強烈的求知欲和對所學內容的興趣。興趣越高,則學習的動力越大,學習的效果也越好。而且,在小學階段是否能培養起小學生對信息技術的興趣,對其一生關于信息技術的態度都有著重要影響。因此,小學信息技術課的教學要突出趣味性,無論是教學內容還是教學形式都應該重視挖掘和體現信息技術課程的趣味性,重視激發、培養和引導學生對信息技術的學習興趣,讓“趣味”貫穿整個教學過程。 本文來源心得體會范文網。轉載請注明出處:http://www.16mnyg.com/fansi/kexue/32811.html(責任編輯:topbys.com)

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